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Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012

EEA Report No 12/2012

This European Environment Agency (EEA) report presents information on past and projected climate change and related impacts in Europe, based on a range of indicators. The report also assesses the vulnerability of society, human health and ecosystems in Europe and identifies those regions in Europe most at risk from climate change. Furthermore, the report discusses the principle sources of uncertainty for the indicators and notes how monitoring and scenario development can improve our understanding of climate change, its impacts and related vulnerabilities.

Download Report (PDF, 32 MB): Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2012

The report concluds that climate change is affecting all regions in Europe, causing a wide range of impacts on society and the environment. If European societies do not adapt, damage costs are expected to continue to rise. Some regions will be less able to adapt to climate change than others, in part due to economic disparities across Europe, the report says. The effects of climate change could deepen these inequalities.


  • Land ecosystems

Source: European Environment Agency EEA [1]

> Download Summary (PDF, 6.9 MB) [2]