When the research station on the Jungfraujoch was first opened and until around the end of the 20th century, the focus was on research fields such as cosmic radiation, astronomy and high-altitude physiology, whereas nowadays due to climate change most of the research concerns the Earth’s atmosphere. The first in-situ measurements of airborne pollutants began as far back as the 1970s, followed later by investigations into the effect of aerosols on the atmosphere. The archive of measurements taken, some of which date back far into the 20th century, now forms an essential basis for recording and understanding climate change. Today the research station on the Jungfraujoch is part of networks both national (e.g. the National Air Pollution Monitoring Network, NABEL) and international (Global Atmosphere Watch, GAW), which are monitoring the long-term changes in various parameters relating to airborne pollutants and cosmic radiation.
The Swiss Academy of Sciences Jungfraujoch Commission endeavours to make the importance of these research activities known to a wider public.
Year founded: 1922